VIDAS, ELIJAH BEN MOSES DE (16th century), kabbalist, author on morals, one of the great kabbalists of Safed. Vidas was a disciple and close friend of moses cordovero , whom he always called "my teacher" without mentioning his name. In 1575 he completed his major work Reshit Ḥokhmah, one of the outstanding books on morals in Judaism. In contrast with previous authors in this field, Vidas included kabbalistic theories in his work, which was aimed at a popular audience; in particular, he quoted at length all that is said in the zohar on the question of morals and religious conduct. Quotations from the Zohar were annotated from manuscripts still found in Safed. The book is encyclopedic in character and is divided into five long chapters, "Fear," "Love," "Repentance," "Holiness," and "Humility." Vidas added five chapters from israel al-nakawa 's Menorat ha-Ma'or which was then known only in manuscript. They include chapters on the mitzvot, on education, on business dealings in good faith, and on manners. At the end of these, he added Ḥuppot Eliyahu Rabbah, a collection of rabbinical sayings which list qualities (e.g., "three good qualities…"), and Or Olam, moralizing sayings which open with the word "forever" or with the word "great"; for example, "great is charity, even more than sacrifices." Vidas' book is written in an easy and engaging style, avoiding metaphors. It was immediately accepted as one of the most important books on morals and was printed some 40 times. The first edition was printed in Venice in 1579 during the author's lifetime. The date of Vidas' death is still unknown. Because of its great length, his book was summarized several times: Reshit Ḥokḥmah Kaẓar (Venice, 1600), completed in 1580 in Asti, Italy, by Jacob b. Mordecai Poggetti; Tappuḥei Zahav,   by Jehiel Melli (Mantua, 1623); Toẓe'ot Ḥayyim (Cracow, before 1650) by Jacob Luzzatto, a preacher in Poznan. These three summaries were published many times. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Steinschneider, Cat Bod, 950–2, no. 4973; Michael, Or. 184–5; M. Wilensky, in: HUCA, 14 (1939), 457–69; S.A. Horodezky, Olei-Ẓiyyon (1947), 69–82. (Gershom Scholem)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

См. также в других словарях:

  • AARON SELIG BEN MOSES OF ZOLKIEW — (d. 1643), kabbalist. His father, Moses Hillel, was president of the Jewish community in Brest Litovsk; his brother Samuel was a parnas ( delegate ) in the Council of the Four Lands. Aaron wrote a   compendium of the Zohar entitled Ammudei Sheva… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses ben Jacob Cordovero — Cordovero s grave in Safed Moses ben Jacob Cordovero, (1522–1570) (Hebrew: משה קורדובירו‎), was a central figure in the historical development of Kabbalah, leader of a mystical school in 16th century Safed, Israel. He is known …   Wikipedia

  • KATZ, JOSEPH BEN ELIJAH — (17th century), writer of ethical works. Little is known about his life, except that he was av bet din in Zaslavl in the beginning of the 17th century. Joseph wrote Rekhev Eliyahu (Cracow, 1638). The book, which follows the order of Mishnah Avot …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hayyim ben Joseph Vital — (Calabria, 1543[1] – Damascus, 23 April 1620[2]) was a rabbi in Safed and the foremost disciple of Isaac Luria. He recorded much of his master s teachings. After Vital s death his writings spread having a powerful impact on various circles… …   Wikipedia

  • BERLIN, ISAIAH BEN JUDAH LOEB — (Isaiah Pick; 1725–1799), rabbi and author. Berlin was known also as Isaiah Pick after his father in law, Wolf Pick of Breslau, who supported him for many years. He was born in Eisenstadt, Hungary, but his father, an eminent talmudic scholar (who …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AMELANDER (also Amlander), MENAHEM MANN BEN SOLOMON HA-LEVI — (1698–1767?), Hebrew grammarian, publisher, translator, and historian. He was born in Amsterdam, went to a yeshivah in Prague, and was a student of moses frankfurter , a dayyan and publisher in Amsterdam, whose Mikra ot Gedolot edition of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HOROWITZ, SHABBETAI SHEFTEL BEN AKIVA — (c. 1561–1619), author of kabbalistic works. Horowitz was a son of Akiva, called the holy, and a cousin of isaiah horowitz , author of Shenei Luḥot ha Berit. He was born in Prague where he practiced as a physician. Considering Kabbalah the only… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LURIA, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON — (1534–1572), kabbalist, referred to as Ha Ari (האר״י; the (sacred) lion from the initials of האלוהי רבי יצחק; Ha Elohi Rabbi Yiẓḥak, the divine Rabbi ). This cognomen was in use by the end of the 16th century, apparently at first in kabbalistic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac ben Samuel of Acre — (fl. 13th 14th century) (Hebrew: יצחק בן שמואל דמן עכו, Yitzhak ben Shmuel d min Akko ) was a kabbalist who lived in the Land of Israel. According to Azulai ( Shem ha Gedolim ) he was a pupil of Nahmanides. He was at Acre when that town was taken …   Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN ELIEZER HA-LEVI BERUKHIM — (c. 1515–1593), pious ascetic and Safed kabbalist. Born in Morocco, he immigrated to Palestine probably before 1565. In Safed he joined moses cordovero s circle and became a friend of elijah de vidas . When isaac luria went to Safed (late 1569),… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»